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A peer-reviewed article of this preprint also exists.
This version is not peer-reviewed
Site | Mean, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | Standard Deviation, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | Median, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | Interquartile Range, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | 5th Percentile, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | 25th Percentile, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | 75th Percentile, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | 95th Percentile, 10^{3} cm^{–3} |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
1 | 35 | 78 | 6.5 | 26 | 3.0 | 4.4 | 30 | 200 |
2 * | 3.6 | 0.8 | 3.7 | 1.2 | 2.3 | 3.0 | 4.2 | 5.0 |
3 | 23 | 66 | 3.7 | 5.6 | 1.4 | 2.7 | 8.4 | 110 |
4 | 180 | 430 | 25 | 47 | 1.7 | 4.3 | 51 | 1400 |
Site | Mean, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | Standard Deviation, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | Median, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | Interquartile Range, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | 5th Percentile, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | 25th Percentile, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | 75th Percentile, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | 95th Percentile, 10^{3} cm^{–3} |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
1 | 0.6 | 0.6 | 0.3 | 0.8 | 0.04 | 0.1 | 0.9 | 1.9 |
2 * | 1.2 | 0.6 | 1.0 | 0.7 | 0.6 | 0.8 | 1.5 | 2.5 |
3 | 1.4 | 0.5 | 1.2 | 1.3 | 0.3 | 0.7 | 2.0 | 3.1 |
4 | 1.0 | 0.9 | 0.7 | 0.9 | 0.2 | 0.4 | 1.3 | 3.1 |
Site | Mean, V/m | Standard Deviation, V/m | Median, V/m | Interquartile Range, V/m | 5th Percentile, V/m | 25th Percentile, V/m | 75th Percentile, V/m | 95th Percentile, V/m |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
1 | 120 | 31 | 110 | 33 | 77 | 96 | 130 | 160 |
2 | 75 | 38 | 69 | 26 | 42 | 57 | 83 | 120 |
3 | 92 | 28 | 89 | 29 | 52 | 76 | 110 | 140 |
4 | 77 | 48 | 68 | 38 | 25 | 51 | 89 | 150 |
Site | Mean, 10^{−12} A/m^{2} | Standard Deviation, 10^{−12} A/m^{2} | Median, 10^{−12} A/m^{2} | Interquartile Range, 10^{−12} A/m^{2} | 5th Percentile, 10^{−12} A/m^{2} | 25th Percentile, 10^{−12} A/m^{2} | 75th Percentile, 10^{−12} A/m^{2} | 95th Percentile, 10^{−12} A/m^{2} |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
1 | 70 | 80 | 40 | 120 | 10 | 12 | 130 | 230 |
2 * | − | − | − | − | − | − | − | − |
3 | 43 | 63 | 11 | 38 | 7 | 8 | 46 | 190 |
4 | 350 | 680 | 30 | 360 | 8 | 14 | 380 | 2100 |
Predictor | Site 1 | Site 2 * | Site 3 | Site 4 |
---|---|---|---|---|
Site 1 | – | Y = –7.90·10^{–2}·X + 4.31·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.41 |
Y = 3.81·10^{–1}·X + 1.31·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.13 |
Y = 1.43·X + 1.55·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.02 |
Site 2 * | Y = –5.22·X + 2.75·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.41 |
– | Y = –2.62·10^{–1}·X + 4.12·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.23 |
Y = –9.42·X + 6.46·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.17 |
Site 3 | Y = 3.46·10^{–1}·X + 2.62·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.13 |
Y = –8.66·10^{–1}·X + 6.38·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.23 |
– | Y = 6.76·X + 2.59·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.59 |
Site 4 | Y = 1.69·10^{–2}·X + 3.2·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.02 |
Y = –1.79·10^{–2}·X + 4.17·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.17 |
Y = 8.76·10^{–1}·X + 8.57·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.59 |
– |
Predictor | Site 1 | Site 2 * | Site 3 | Site 4 |
---|---|---|---|---|
Site 1 | – | Y = –2.44·10^{–1}·X + 1.15·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.02 |
Y = 2.96·10^{–1}·X + 1.28·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.12 |
Y = –2.46·10^{–1}·X + 1.11·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.09 |
Site 2 * | Y = –8.63·10^{–2}·X + 2.71·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.02 |
– | Y = –2.66·10^{–1}·X + 1.82·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.05 |
Y = 2.56·10^{–1}·X + 9.35·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.04 |
Site 3 | Y = 4.12·10^{–1}·X + 1.31·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.12 |
Y = –1.97·10^{–1}·X + 1.41·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.05 |
– | Y = 3.25·10^{–1}·X + 4.82·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.11 |
Site 4 | Y = –3.55·10^{–1}·X + 9.56·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.09 |
Y = 1.36·10^{–1}·X + 9.40·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.04 |
Y = 3.38·10^{–1}·X + 1.14·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.11 |
– |
Predictor | Site 1 | Site 2 | Site 3 | Site 4 |
---|---|---|---|---|
Site 1 | – | Y = 2.58·10^{–1}·X + 4.51·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.04 |
Y = 8.36·10^{–1}·X – 4.27·10^{0} R^{2} = 0.51 |
Y = –1.56·10^{–1}·X + 9.53·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.01 |
Site 2 | Y = 1.72·10^{–1}·X + 1.02·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.04 |
– | Y = 4.79·10^{–1}·X + 5.61·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.25 |
Y = 7.51·10^{–1}·X + 2.12·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.23 |
Site 3 | Y = 6.07·10^{–1}·X + 5.93·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.51 |
Y = 5.21·10^{–1}·X + 2.69·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.25 |
– | Y = 5.98·10^{–1}·X + 2.24·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.13 |
Site 4 | Y = –4.22·10^{–2}·X + 1.18·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.01 |
Y = 3.04·10^{–1}·X + 5.13·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.23 |
Y = 2.22·10^{–1}·X + 7.47·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.13 |
– |
Time (UTC/LT) | Site 1 | Site 2 | Site 3 | Site 4 | ||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
V/m | % of mean | V/m | % of mean | V/m | % of mean | V/m | % of mean | |
00/07 | 94 | 82 | 100 | 133 | 88 | 96 | 153 | 199 |
01/08 | 108 | 94 | 80 | 107 | 98 | 107 | 132 | 171 |
02/09 | 117 | 102 | 72 | 96 | 113 | 123 | 100 | 130 |
03/10 | 111 | 97 | 73 | 97 | 106 | 115 | 83 | 108 |
04/10 | 121 | 105 | 85 | 113 | 105 | 114 | 76 | 99 |
05/11 | 117 | 102 | 93 | 124 | 105 | 114 | 89 | 116 |
06/12 | 120 | 104 | 113 | 151 | 110 | 120 | 93 | 121 |
07/13 | 122 | 106 | 80 | 107 | 104 | 113 | 107 | 139 |
08/14 | 130 | 113 | 76 | 101 | 108 | 117 | 78 | 101 |
09/15 | 138 | 120 | 86 | 115 | 105 | 114 | 78 | 101 |
10/17 | 141 | 123 | 76 | 101 | 113 | 123 | 65 | 84 |
11/18 | 133 | 116 | 70 | 93 | 106 | 115 | 65 | 84 |
12/19 | 124 | 108 | 63 | 84 | 90 | 98 | 52 | 68 |
13/20 | 115 | 100 | 108 | 144 | 86 | 93 | 49 | 64 |
14/21 | 115 | 100 | 63 | 84 | 89 | 97 | 47 | 61 |
15/22 | 112 | 97 | 61 | 81 | 86 | 93 | 50 | 65 |
16/23 | 94 | 82 | 62 | 83 | 64 | 70 | 55 | 71 |
17/00 | 85 | 74 | 55 | 73 | 66 | 72 | 48 | 62 |
18/01 | 102 | 89 | 54 | 72 | 70 | 76 | 66 | 86 |
19/02 | 102 | 89 | 60 | 80 | 77 | 84 | 67 | 87 |
20/03 | 115 | 100 | 65 | 87 | 93 | 101 | 80 | 104 |
21/04 | 122 | 106 | 58 | 77 | 82 | 89 | 82 | 106 |
22/05 | 114 | 99 | 55 | 73 | 69 | 75 | 62 | 81 |
23/06 | 108 | 94 | 83 | 111 | 71 | 77 | 79 | 103 |
Predictor | n_{+}, cm^{-3} | n_{–}, cm^{-3} | ∇φ, V/m |
---|---|---|---|
n_{+}, cm^{-3} | – | Y = 8.15·10^{–3}·X + 3.27·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.47 |
Y = – 2.21·10^{–1}·X + 1.23·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.42 |
n_{–}, cm^{-3} | Y = 5.75·10^{1}·X + 2.06·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.47 |
– | Y = –2.14·10^{–2}·X + 1.28·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.56 |
∇φ, V/m | Y = –1.89·10^{3}·X + 2.53·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.42 |
Y = –2.59·10^{1}·X + 3.6·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.56 |
– |
CLT_{380}, % | Y = –3.24·10^{3}·X + 2.66·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.68 |
Y = –5.74·10^{1}·X + 4.78·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.68 |
Y = 1.39·X + 1.36·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.38 |
PM_{2.5}, µg/m^{3} | Y = –8.87·10^{4}·X + 1.96·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.39 |
Y = –5.61·10^{2}·X + 1.63·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.11 |
Y = 1.44·10^{1}·X + 8.88·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.09 |
t, °C | Y = –6.07·10^{3}·X + 8.41·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.42 |
Y = –1.00·10^{2}·X + 1.42·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.80 |
Y = 2.34·X + 9.63·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.53 |
f, % | Y = 1.73·10^{3}·X – 7.24·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.38 |
Y = 2.90·10^{1}·X – 1.2·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.76 |
Y = –7.24·10^{–1}·X + 1.60·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.58 |
V, m/s | Y = –1.13·10^{4}·X + 6.85·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.43 |
Y = –1.63·10^{2}·X + 1.09·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.63 |
Y = 4.42·X + 1.02·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.56 |
D, ° | Y = –5.38·10^{2}·X + 1.58·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.51 |
Y = –8.03·X + 2.44·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.80 |
Y = 1.79·10^{–1}·X + 7.45·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.48 |
SI, W/m^{2} | Y = –1.19·10^{2}·X + 6.47·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.46 |
Y = –1.53·X + 9.94·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.55 |
Y = 3.99·10^{–2}·X + 1.05·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.45 |
Predictor | n_{+}, cm^{-3}* | n_{–}, cm^{-3}* | ∇φ, V/m |
---|---|---|---|
n_{+}, cm^{-3}* | – | – | – |
n_{–}, cm^{-3}* | – | – | – |
∇φ, V/m | – | – | – |
CLT_{380}, % | – | – | Y = 9.22·10^{–2}·X + 7.81·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.01 |
PM_{2.5}, µg/m^{3} | – | – | Y = 1.08·10^{1}·X + 5.45·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.05 |
t, °C | – | – | Y = 1.29·X + 5.66·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.27 |
f, % | – | – | Y = –4.46·10^{–1}·X + 1.04·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.28 |
V, m/s | – | – | Y = 7.15·X + 6.73·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.20 |
D, ° | – | – | Y = 2.55·10^{–1}·X + 2.71·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.18 |
SI, W/m^{2} | – | – | Y = 4.50·10^{–1}·X + 6.40·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.36 |
Predictor | n_{+}, cm^{-3} | n_{–}, cm^{-3} | ∇φ, V/m |
---|---|---|---|
n_{+}, cm^{-3} | – | Y = 2.75·10^{–3}·X + 1.39·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.08 |
Y = –1.90·10^{–4}·X + 9.69·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.25 |
n_{–}, cm^{-3} | Y = 2.97·10^{1}·X – 1.69·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.08 |
– | Y = –2.49·10^{–2}·X + 1.28·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.39 |
∇φ, V/m | Y = –1.30·10^{3}·X + 1.46·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.25 |
Y = –1.58·10^{1}·X + 2.91·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.39 |
– |
CLT_{380}, % | Y = 2.07·10^{3}·X – 9.92·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.15 |
Y = 1.84·10^{1}·X + 1.26·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.22 |
Y = –7.54·10^{–1}·X + 1.41·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.16 |
PM_{2.5}, µg/m^{3} | Y = 1.79·10^{4}·X –2.52·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.06 |
Y = –3.59·10^{2}·X + 2.5·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.25 |
Y = 6.53·X + 7.30·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.05 |
t, °C | Y = –8.33·10^{3}·X + 1.74·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.59 |
Y = –5.16·10^{1}·X + 2.38·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.24 |
Y = 3.27·X + 3.41·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.62 |
f, % | Y = 2.66·10^{3}·X – 1.32·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.57 |
Y = 1.93·10^{1}·X + 3.14·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.32 |
Y = –1.12·X + 1.59·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.69 |
V, m/s | Y = –1.58·10^{4}·X + 6.78·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.48 |
Y = –6.06·10^{3}·X + 1.62·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.08 |
Y = 5.49·X + 7.76·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.40 |
D, ° | Y = –6.91·10^{2}·X + 1.78·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.78 |
Y = –1.96·X + 1.89·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.07 |
Y = 1.72·10^{–1}·X + 5.41·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.33 |
SI, W/m^{2} | Y = –1.06·10^{2}·X + 4.92·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.27 |
Y = –1.44·X + 1.77·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.53 |
Y = 6.68·10^{–2}·X + 7.76·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.73 |
Predictor | n_{+}, cm^{-3} | n_{–}, cm^{-3} | ∇φ, V/m |
---|---|---|---|
n_{+}, cm^{-3} | – | Y = –2.10·10^{–4}·X + 1.00·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.04 |
Y = 1.94·10^{–5}·X + 7.33·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.07 |
n_{–}, cm^{-3} | Y = –1.82·10^{2}·X + 3.8·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.04 |
– | Y = –2.86·10^{–2}·X + 1.05·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.19 |
∇φ, V/m | Y = 3.81·10^{3}·X – 8.87·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.07 |
Y = –6.46·X + 1.46·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.19 |
– |
CLT_{380}, % | Y = 2.32·10^{3}·X + 1.97·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.00 |
Y = –6.46·X + 1.14·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.12 |
Y = –1.07·X + 1.50·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.19 |
PM_{2.5}, µg/m^{3} | Y = –5.89×10^{4}·X + 7.25×10^{5} R^{2} = 0.10 |
Y = 3.50×10^{1}·X + 6.49×10^{2} R^{2} = 0.03 |
Y = –9.71×10^{–1}·X + 8.59×10^{1} R^{2} = 0.01 |
t, °C | Y = –7.36·10^{4}·X + 1.55·10^{6} R^{2} = 0.48 |
Y = 1.78·10^{1}·X + 6.31·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.02 |
Y = –9.71·10^{–1}·X + 9.51·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.02 |
f, % | Y = 2.83·10^{4}·X – 1.79·10^{6} R^{2} = 0.50 |
Y = –8.18·X + 1.54·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.04 |
Y = 9.50·10^{–1}·X + 1.02·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.11 |
V, m/s | Y = –8.28·10^{4}·X + 3.6·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.02 |
Y = –3.66·10^{2}·X + 1.64·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.27 |
Y = 1.85·10^{1}·X + 4.28·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.16 |
D, ° | Y = 4.50·10^{3}·X – 6.94·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.47 |
Y = –4.61·X + 1.88·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.43 |
Y = 1.75·10^{–1}·X + 4.23·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.14 |
SI, W/m^{2} | Y = –8.62·10^{2}·X + 3.51·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.18 |
Y = –4.19·10^{–1}·X + 1.03·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.04 |
Y = 4.55·10^{–2}·X + 6.96·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.10 |
* | Positive and negative ion densities and conduction current density were measured in less than a day. |
* | Positive and negative ion densities were measured in less than a day. |
* | No correlation analysis was performed. |
Site number | Observation area | Lat., °N | Long., °E | Alt. a.s.l., m | Observation period |
---|---|---|---|---|---|
1 | Plateau near the Mongun-Taiga mountain massif and Khindiktig-Khol lake | 50.4 | 90.0 | 2490 | 24–29.07.2022 |
2 | Bayan-Tala tract in the foothills of the Tannu-Ola ridge | 51.1 | 93.5 | 1030 | 19–22.07.2022 |
3 | Shol tract in the center of the Tyva depression | 51.5 | 94.4 | 910 | 01–06.08.2022 |
4 | Krasnaya Sopka tract between Belyo and Tus salt lakes in the Khakass-Minusinsk basin | 54.7 | 90.0 | 540 | 11–14.08.2022 |
Disclaimer/Publisher’s Note: The statements, opinions and data contained in all publications are solely those of the individual author(s) and contributor(s) and not of MDPI and/or the editor(s). MDPI and/or the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to people or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content. |
Submitted:
30 November 2023
Posted:
01 December 2023
You are already at the latest version
A peer-reviewed article of this preprint also exists.
This version is not peer-reviewed
Submitted:
30 November 2023
Posted:
01 December 2023
You are already at the latest version
Site | Mean, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | Standard Deviation, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | Median, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | Interquartile Range, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | 5th Percentile, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | 25th Percentile, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | 75th Percentile, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | 95th Percentile, 10^{3} cm^{–3} |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
1 | 35 | 78 | 6.5 | 26 | 3.0 | 4.4 | 30 | 200 |
2 * | 3.6 | 0.8 | 3.7 | 1.2 | 2.3 | 3.0 | 4.2 | 5.0 |
3 | 23 | 66 | 3.7 | 5.6 | 1.4 | 2.7 | 8.4 | 110 |
4 | 180 | 430 | 25 | 47 | 1.7 | 4.3 | 51 | 1400 |
Site | Mean, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | Standard Deviation, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | Median, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | Interquartile Range, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | 5th Percentile, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | 25th Percentile, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | 75th Percentile, 10^{3} cm^{–3} | 95th Percentile, 10^{3} cm^{–3} |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
1 | 0.6 | 0.6 | 0.3 | 0.8 | 0.04 | 0.1 | 0.9 | 1.9 |
2 * | 1.2 | 0.6 | 1.0 | 0.7 | 0.6 | 0.8 | 1.5 | 2.5 |
3 | 1.4 | 0.5 | 1.2 | 1.3 | 0.3 | 0.7 | 2.0 | 3.1 |
4 | 1.0 | 0.9 | 0.7 | 0.9 | 0.2 | 0.4 | 1.3 | 3.1 |
Site | Mean, V/m | Standard Deviation, V/m | Median, V/m | Interquartile Range, V/m | 5th Percentile, V/m | 25th Percentile, V/m | 75th Percentile, V/m | 95th Percentile, V/m |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
1 | 120 | 31 | 110 | 33 | 77 | 96 | 130 | 160 |
2 | 75 | 38 | 69 | 26 | 42 | 57 | 83 | 120 |
3 | 92 | 28 | 89 | 29 | 52 | 76 | 110 | 140 |
4 | 77 | 48 | 68 | 38 | 25 | 51 | 89 | 150 |
Site | Mean, 10^{−12} A/m^{2} | Standard Deviation, 10^{−12} A/m^{2} | Median, 10^{−12} A/m^{2} | Interquartile Range, 10^{−12} A/m^{2} | 5th Percentile, 10^{−12} A/m^{2} | 25th Percentile, 10^{−12} A/m^{2} | 75th Percentile, 10^{−12} A/m^{2} | 95th Percentile, 10^{−12} A/m^{2} |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
1 | 70 | 80 | 40 | 120 | 10 | 12 | 130 | 230 |
2 * | − | − | − | − | − | − | − | − |
3 | 43 | 63 | 11 | 38 | 7 | 8 | 46 | 190 |
4 | 350 | 680 | 30 | 360 | 8 | 14 | 380 | 2100 |
Predictor | Site 1 | Site 2 * | Site 3 | Site 4 |
---|---|---|---|---|
Site 1 | – | Y = –7.90·10^{–2}·X + 4.31·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.41 |
Y = 3.81·10^{–1}·X + 1.31·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.13 |
Y = 1.43·X + 1.55·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.02 |
Site 2 * | Y = –5.22·X + 2.75·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.41 |
– | Y = –2.62·10^{–1}·X + 4.12·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.23 |
Y = –9.42·X + 6.46·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.17 |
Site 3 | Y = 3.46·10^{–1}·X + 2.62·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.13 |
Y = –8.66·10^{–1}·X + 6.38·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.23 |
– | Y = 6.76·X + 2.59·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.59 |
Site 4 | Y = 1.69·10^{–2}·X + 3.2·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.02 |
Y = –1.79·10^{–2}·X + 4.17·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.17 |
Y = 8.76·10^{–1}·X + 8.57·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.59 |
– |
Predictor | Site 1 | Site 2 * | Site 3 | Site 4 |
---|---|---|---|---|
Site 1 | – | Y = –2.44·10^{–1}·X + 1.15·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.02 |
Y = 2.96·10^{–1}·X + 1.28·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.12 |
Y = –2.46·10^{–1}·X + 1.11·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.09 |
Site 2 * | Y = –8.63·10^{–2}·X + 2.71·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.02 |
– | Y = –2.66·10^{–1}·X + 1.82·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.05 |
Y = 2.56·10^{–1}·X + 9.35·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.04 |
Site 3 | Y = 4.12·10^{–1}·X + 1.31·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.12 |
Y = –1.97·10^{–1}·X + 1.41·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.05 |
– | Y = 3.25·10^{–1}·X + 4.82·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.11 |
Site 4 | Y = –3.55·10^{–1}·X + 9.56·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.09 |
Y = 1.36·10^{–1}·X + 9.40·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.04 |
Y = 3.38·10^{–1}·X + 1.14·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.11 |
– |
Predictor | Site 1 | Site 2 | Site 3 | Site 4 |
---|---|---|---|---|
Site 1 | – | Y = 2.58·10^{–1}·X + 4.51·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.04 |
Y = 8.36·10^{–1}·X – 4.27·10^{0} R^{2} = 0.51 |
Y = –1.56·10^{–1}·X + 9.53·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.01 |
Site 2 | Y = 1.72·10^{–1}·X + 1.02·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.04 |
– | Y = 4.79·10^{–1}·X + 5.61·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.25 |
Y = 7.51·10^{–1}·X + 2.12·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.23 |
Site 3 | Y = 6.07·10^{–1}·X + 5.93·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.51 |
Y = 5.21·10^{–1}·X + 2.69·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.25 |
– | Y = 5.98·10^{–1}·X + 2.24·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.13 |
Site 4 | Y = –4.22·10^{–2}·X + 1.18·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.01 |
Y = 3.04·10^{–1}·X + 5.13·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.23 |
Y = 2.22·10^{–1}·X + 7.47·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.13 |
– |
Time (UTC/LT) | Site 1 | Site 2 | Site 3 | Site 4 | ||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
V/m | % of mean | V/m | % of mean | V/m | % of mean | V/m | % of mean | |
00/07 | 94 | 82 | 100 | 133 | 88 | 96 | 153 | 199 |
01/08 | 108 | 94 | 80 | 107 | 98 | 107 | 132 | 171 |
02/09 | 117 | 102 | 72 | 96 | 113 | 123 | 100 | 130 |
03/10 | 111 | 97 | 73 | 97 | 106 | 115 | 83 | 108 |
04/10 | 121 | 105 | 85 | 113 | 105 | 114 | 76 | 99 |
05/11 | 117 | 102 | 93 | 124 | 105 | 114 | 89 | 116 |
06/12 | 120 | 104 | 113 | 151 | 110 | 120 | 93 | 121 |
07/13 | 122 | 106 | 80 | 107 | 104 | 113 | 107 | 139 |
08/14 | 130 | 113 | 76 | 101 | 108 | 117 | 78 | 101 |
09/15 | 138 | 120 | 86 | 115 | 105 | 114 | 78 | 101 |
10/17 | 141 | 123 | 76 | 101 | 113 | 123 | 65 | 84 |
11/18 | 133 | 116 | 70 | 93 | 106 | 115 | 65 | 84 |
12/19 | 124 | 108 | 63 | 84 | 90 | 98 | 52 | 68 |
13/20 | 115 | 100 | 108 | 144 | 86 | 93 | 49 | 64 |
14/21 | 115 | 100 | 63 | 84 | 89 | 97 | 47 | 61 |
15/22 | 112 | 97 | 61 | 81 | 86 | 93 | 50 | 65 |
16/23 | 94 | 82 | 62 | 83 | 64 | 70 | 55 | 71 |
17/00 | 85 | 74 | 55 | 73 | 66 | 72 | 48 | 62 |
18/01 | 102 | 89 | 54 | 72 | 70 | 76 | 66 | 86 |
19/02 | 102 | 89 | 60 | 80 | 77 | 84 | 67 | 87 |
20/03 | 115 | 100 | 65 | 87 | 93 | 101 | 80 | 104 |
21/04 | 122 | 106 | 58 | 77 | 82 | 89 | 82 | 106 |
22/05 | 114 | 99 | 55 | 73 | 69 | 75 | 62 | 81 |
23/06 | 108 | 94 | 83 | 111 | 71 | 77 | 79 | 103 |
Predictor | n_{+}, cm^{-3} | n_{–}, cm^{-3} | ∇φ, V/m |
---|---|---|---|
n_{+}, cm^{-3} | – | Y = 8.15·10^{–3}·X + 3.27·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.47 |
Y = – 2.21·10^{–1}·X + 1.23·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.42 |
n_{–}, cm^{-3} | Y = 5.75·10^{1}·X + 2.06·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.47 |
– | Y = –2.14·10^{–2}·X + 1.28·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.56 |
∇φ, V/m | Y = –1.89·10^{3}·X + 2.53·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.42 |
Y = –2.59·10^{1}·X + 3.6·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.56 |
– |
CLT_{380}, % | Y = –3.24·10^{3}·X + 2.66·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.68 |
Y = –5.74·10^{1}·X + 4.78·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.68 |
Y = 1.39·X + 1.36·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.38 |
PM_{2.5}, µg/m^{3} | Y = –8.87·10^{4}·X + 1.96·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.39 |
Y = –5.61·10^{2}·X + 1.63·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.11 |
Y = 1.44·10^{1}·X + 8.88·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.09 |
t, °C | Y = –6.07·10^{3}·X + 8.41·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.42 |
Y = –1.00·10^{2}·X + 1.42·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.80 |
Y = 2.34·X + 9.63·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.53 |
f, % | Y = 1.73·10^{3}·X – 7.24·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.38 |
Y = 2.90·10^{1}·X – 1.2·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.76 |
Y = –7.24·10^{–1}·X + 1.60·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.58 |
V, m/s | Y = –1.13·10^{4}·X + 6.85·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.43 |
Y = –1.63·10^{2}·X + 1.09·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.63 |
Y = 4.42·X + 1.02·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.56 |
D, ° | Y = –5.38·10^{2}·X + 1.58·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.51 |
Y = –8.03·X + 2.44·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.80 |
Y = 1.79·10^{–1}·X + 7.45·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.48 |
SI, W/m^{2} | Y = –1.19·10^{2}·X + 6.47·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.46 |
Y = –1.53·X + 9.94·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.55 |
Y = 3.99·10^{–2}·X + 1.05·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.45 |
Predictor | n_{+}, cm^{-3}* | n_{–}, cm^{-3}* | ∇φ, V/m |
---|---|---|---|
n_{+}, cm^{-3}* | – | – | – |
n_{–}, cm^{-3}* | – | – | – |
∇φ, V/m | – | – | – |
CLT_{380}, % | – | – | Y = 9.22·10^{–2}·X + 7.81·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.01 |
PM_{2.5}, µg/m^{3} | – | – | Y = 1.08·10^{1}·X + 5.45·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.05 |
t, °C | – | – | Y = 1.29·X + 5.66·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.27 |
f, % | – | – | Y = –4.46·10^{–1}·X + 1.04·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.28 |
V, m/s | – | – | Y = 7.15·X + 6.73·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.20 |
D, ° | – | – | Y = 2.55·10^{–1}·X + 2.71·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.18 |
SI, W/m^{2} | – | – | Y = 4.50·10^{–1}·X + 6.40·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.36 |
Predictor | n_{+}, cm^{-3} | n_{–}, cm^{-3} | ∇φ, V/m |
---|---|---|---|
n_{+}, cm^{-3} | – | Y = 2.75·10^{–3}·X + 1.39·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.08 |
Y = –1.90·10^{–4}·X + 9.69·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.25 |
n_{–}, cm^{-3} | Y = 2.97·10^{1}·X – 1.69·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.08 |
– | Y = –2.49·10^{–2}·X + 1.28·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.39 |
∇φ, V/m | Y = –1.30·10^{3}·X + 1.46·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.25 |
Y = –1.58·10^{1}·X + 2.91·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.39 |
– |
CLT_{380}, % | Y = 2.07·10^{3}·X – 9.92·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.15 |
Y = 1.84·10^{1}·X + 1.26·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.22 |
Y = –7.54·10^{–1}·X + 1.41·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.16 |
PM_{2.5}, µg/m^{3} | Y = 1.79·10^{4}·X –2.52·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.06 |
Y = –3.59·10^{2}·X + 2.5·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.25 |
Y = 6.53·X + 7.30·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.05 |
t, °C | Y = –8.33·10^{3}·X + 1.74·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.59 |
Y = –5.16·10^{1}·X + 2.38·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.24 |
Y = 3.27·X + 3.41·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.62 |
f, % | Y = 2.66·10^{3}·X – 1.32·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.57 |
Y = 1.93·10^{1}·X + 3.14·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.32 |
Y = –1.12·X + 1.59·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.69 |
V, m/s | Y = –1.58·10^{4}·X + 6.78·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.48 |
Y = –6.06·10^{3}·X + 1.62·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.08 |
Y = 5.49·X + 7.76·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.40 |
D, ° | Y = –6.91·10^{2}·X + 1.78·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.78 |
Y = –1.96·X + 1.89·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.07 |
Y = 1.72·10^{–1}·X + 5.41·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.33 |
SI, W/m^{2} | Y = –1.06·10^{2}·X + 4.92·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.27 |
Y = –1.44·X + 1.77·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.53 |
Y = 6.68·10^{–2}·X + 7.76·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.73 |
Predictor | n_{+}, cm^{-3} | n_{–}, cm^{-3} | ∇φ, V/m |
---|---|---|---|
n_{+}, cm^{-3} | – | Y = –2.10·10^{–4}·X + 1.00·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.04 |
Y = 1.94·10^{–5}·X + 7.33·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.07 |
n_{–}, cm^{-3} | Y = –1.82·10^{2}·X + 3.8·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.04 |
– | Y = –2.86·10^{–2}·X + 1.05·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.19 |
∇φ, V/m | Y = 3.81·10^{3}·X – 8.87·10^{4} R^{2} = 0.07 |
Y = –6.46·X + 1.46·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.19 |
– |
CLT_{380}, % | Y = 2.32·10^{3}·X + 1.97·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.00 |
Y = –6.46·X + 1.14·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.12 |
Y = –1.07·X + 1.50·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.19 |
PM_{2.5}, µg/m^{3} | Y = –5.89×10^{4}·X + 7.25×10^{5} R^{2} = 0.10 |
Y = 3.50×10^{1}·X + 6.49×10^{2} R^{2} = 0.03 |
Y = –9.71×10^{–1}·X + 8.59×10^{1} R^{2} = 0.01 |
t, °C | Y = –7.36·10^{4}·X + 1.55·10^{6} R^{2} = 0.48 |
Y = 1.78·10^{1}·X + 6.31·10^{2} R^{2} = 0.02 |
Y = –9.71·10^{–1}·X + 9.51·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.02 |
f, % | Y = 2.83·10^{4}·X – 1.79·10^{6} R^{2} = 0.50 |
Y = –8.18·X + 1.54·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.04 |
Y = 9.50·10^{–1}·X + 1.02·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.11 |
V, m/s | Y = –8.28·10^{4}·X + 3.6·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.02 |
Y = –3.66·10^{2}·X + 1.64·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.27 |
Y = 1.85·10^{1}·X + 4.28·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.16 |
D, ° | Y = 4.50·10^{3}·X – 6.94·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.47 |
Y = –4.61·X + 1.88·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.43 |
Y = 1.75·10^{–1}·X + 4.23·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.14 |
SI, W/m^{2} | Y = –8.62·10^{2}·X + 3.51·10^{5} R^{2} = 0.18 |
Y = –4.19·10^{–1}·X + 1.03·10^{3} R^{2} = 0.04 |
Y = 4.55·10^{–2}·X + 6.96·10^{1} R^{2} = 0.10 |
* | Positive and negative ion densities and conduction current density were measured in less than a day. |
* | Positive and negative ion densities were measured in less than a day. |
* | No correlation analysis was performed. |
Site number | Observation area | Lat., °N | Long., °E | Alt. a.s.l., m | Observation period |
---|---|---|---|---|---|
1 | Plateau near the Mongun-Taiga mountain massif and Khindiktig-Khol lake | 50.4 | 90.0 | 2490 | 24–29.07.2022 |
2 | Bayan-Tala tract in the foothills of the Tannu-Ola ridge | 51.1 | 93.5 | 1030 | 19–22.07.2022 |
3 | Shol tract in the center of the Tyva depression | 51.5 | 94.4 | 910 | 01–06.08.2022 |
4 | Krasnaya Sopka tract between Belyo and Tus salt lakes in the Khakass-Minusinsk basin | 54.7 | 90.0 | 540 | 11–14.08.2022 |
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Konstntin Pustovalov
et al.
,
2023
Roy Yaniv
et al.
,
2023
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et al.
,
2017
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